information about Ozone
Ozone is a molecule consisting of three oxygen atoms with a negative electric charge. This substance is very unstable and has a short half-life. This fact supposes that it returns to its original state (Oxygen O2) after a short period of time.
An ozone molecule is nothing more than an oxygen molecule that has received an additional oxygen atom due to high electrical voltage.
Ozone occurs naturally through some chemical reactions. The example with which we are perhaps most closely related is the ozone layer, in which ozone is produced by ultraviolet rays derived from the sun.
Ozone is also formed during thunderstorms, as a result of the high voltages involved. However, the least known process by which Ozone can be generated, is to produce it artificially, so it can be used for air and water treatment.
Ozone generators can create ozone artificially by using very high voltages or by ultraviolet light.
One of the many advantages of generators is that they generate it in the same place where it needs to be applied, and it is applied instantly, generally fully automatically, and does not generate waste.
Ozone acts according to the principle of oxidation. When an electrostatically charged ozone (O3) molecule comes into contact with something oxidizable, the charge on the ozone molecule flows directly. This occurs because ozone is very unstable and returns to its original form, oxygen (O2).
Ozone can oxidize any material, although it is its effect on odors and microorganisms such as viruses, fungi and bacteria that benefits its use. It is the extra oxygen particle that separates from the ozone particle and unites with the other material causing its oxidation. At the end of this process the oxygen is clean and stable.
Ozone is one of the most effective oxidants known. It can be used to disinfect through oxidation, different types of microorganisms such as viruses, fungi and bacteria, as well as eliminate bad smells that these microorganisms may cause.
As a result of this oxidation-reaction, ozone can be applied and be useful in wide areas and for different purposes. Among them is the disinfection of the air, as well as the treatment of residual waters, also in the purification of drinking water.
As ozone is produced in the same place that is needed for air and / or water purification and taking into account its short life.
The half-life of ozone in the air is approximately 30 minutes, although this depends on various factors, such as temperature, pH. Normally the Ozone concentration is reduced by half every half hour.
For example, a team that generates 16g O3, the Ozone concentration will be reduced as follows: 16; 8; 4; 2; 1. In practice, ozone stays less time due to factors that can influence your life.